PCOS Diagnostic Criteria
NIH Criteria for Diagnosing PCOS (2012): FinalReport_NIH PCOS [Downloads PDF Report]
Legro, RS, et al. Endocrine Society_Diagnosis and Treatment of PCOS. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, December 2013, JCEM jc. 2013–2350.
Studies on PCOS and Nutrition
Cinnamon to Improve Insulin Sensitivity:
Anderson RA. Chromium and polyphenols from cinnamon improve insulin sensitivity. Proc Nutr Soc. 2008 Feb;67(1):48-53. doi: 10.1017/S0029665108006010.
(For more about cinnamon or for a great daily oatmeal recipe that includes it and its health benefits, check out this post!)
Impact of Cutting Calories (and thus, modest weight loss) on Ovulation:
Jarrett BY, Lujan ME. Impact of hypocaloric dietary intervention on ovulation in obese women with PCOS. Reproduction. 2016 Oct 31. pii: REP-16-0385. [Epub ahead of print]
Studies on PCOS and Fitness
HIIT and PCOS:
Anwar S, Shikalgar N. Prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus in polycystic ovary syndrome: A review. Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2017 Dec;11 Suppl 2:S913-S917. doi: 10.1016/j.dsx.2017.07.015. Epub 2017 Jul 8.
Takeaway: “Diet (i.e. low carbohydrate), combination of aerobic and resistance exercise with high intensity interval training (HIT) 150 to 175 min/week with resistance exercise 2 to 3 days/week and weight loss may be valuable supporters in the fight against IR, IGT and DM2 associated with PCOS.”
Read more about the value of HIIT when attempting to lose weight with PCOS in my article here.
Studies on PCOS Treatments
Laganà AS, Rossetti P, Buscema M, et al. Metabolism and Ovarian Function in PCOS Women: A Therapeutic Approach with Inositols. International Journal of Endocrinology. 2016;2016:6306410. doi:10.1155/2016/6306410.
Review of Several Treatment Options:
Badawy A, Elnashar A. Treatment options for polycystic ovary syndrome. Int J Womens Health. 2011;3:25–35. Published 2011 Feb 8. doi:10.2147/IJWH.S11304
Studies on PCOS and Fertility
**Many of these research articles also relate to fertility – see:
Studies on PCOS and Lifestyle
*I was one of the ‘research subjects’ for this thesis on Health, Femininity, and Fertility and wanted to share the final paper with you all!
Studies on A Potential Cause of PCOS
How anti-Müllerian is associated with the development of PCOS:
(More on this in my article here)
Giacobini et al. Elevated prenatal anti-Müllerian hormone reprograms the fetus and induces polycystic ovary syndrome in adulthood. Nature Medicine. Volume 24, pages 834–846 (2018). https://www.nature.com/articles/s41591-018-0035-5
Studies on PCOS and Potentially Correlated Conditions
I’ve read SO much lately about PCOS and Hashimotos/Thyroid Problems – I HAD to put some info on that there!
PCOS and Autoimmune Thyroid Disease:
Romitti M, Fabris VC, Ziegelmann PK, Maia AL, Spritzer PM. Association between PCOS and autoimmune thyroid disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Endocr Connect. 2018;7(11):1158–1167. Published 2018 Sep 10. doi:10.1530/EC-18-0309
Final Conclusion/Takeaway: “In conclusion, the present systematic review and meta-analysis provides evidence of higher prevalence of AITD* in patients with PCOS compared to healthy controls. Therefore, physicians should consider screening for thyroid function and thyroid-specific autoantibodies at PCOS diagnosis, even in the absence of symptoms related with thyroid dysfunction.” *Autoimmune thyroid disease